Crony Capitalism at Work


High-speed trading is turning the stock market into a farce, and in the process, is turning off an entire generation of investors. It’s speeding up a process – P/E ratio compression – that normally takes a grinding bear market a couple of decades to accomplish. Even after the wake-up call of the May 2010 flash crash, the SEC has done little to foster a healthier market ecosystem.

It looks like computer-driven, high frequency trading shops, which now account for the majority of trading volume, hammers stocks much more quickly than human investors And there aren’t enough human value investors (at these prices) to absorb the supply of high-P/E stocks from high-speed trading shops looking to sell.

These shops aren’t liquidity providers; they’re parasites that worsen volatility, extract economic rents from long-term investors, and make rational investors who aid the vital process of market efficiency want to throw up on their trading screens.

As investment horizons have shortened, the market has gotten dumber – especially regarding the macro picture.

Rather than doubt the sustainability of the economic stats in early 2011, the market didn’t ask any deep questions, and rallied mindlessly. Now that we get a cluster of terrible data points in the space of the past week (downward GDP revisions, ISM near 50, etc.), we take the elevator down in gut-wrenching fashion.

Common sense dictates that GDP and ISM numbers would weaken when new supplies of fiscal and monetary stimulus drugs were cut off, so why was this a surprise?

Both forms of stimulus (fiscal and monetary) remain very aggressive, but it seems the stock market requires off-the-charts stimulus in order to maintain its high valuation. Even after the past weeks’ selloff, the S&P 500 is still trading at a Shiller P/E ratio of 20. I think it’s reasonable for it to trade down into the low-teens, because stimulus has temporarily pumped up corporate profit margins. The catalysts to drive the Shiller P/E into the low-teens should be some combination of stimulus hangover and a rising CPI.

Don’t listen to the strategists spouting “the Fed model” as justifying much higher stock prices. The Fed Model goes like this: “10-year Treasury yields are 2.5%, so the P/E on ‘forward operating earnings’ should be 30,” or 35, or whatever number suits the strategist’s objective.

I heard a strategist selling this garbage on Bloomberg Radio this morning. First of all, the Treasury yield is a completely manipulated instrument, and doesn’t correspond to the cost of capital for corporations through economic cycles. Secondly, the duration of stocks, however you measure them, is at least three to fours times greater than the duration of the 10-year Treasury, so it’s comparing apples to oranges. The Fed model spits out dangerous conclusions for investors. Four years ago, John Hussman used robust statistical analysis to deconstruct and invalidate the Fed model.

So the strategic outlook for stocks remains negative. Valuations remain high and headwinds will start blowing harder against corporate profits. As for the tactical environment facing stocks…

Europe is the reason for yesterday’s 5% market crash. Bank runs are rumored to be hollowing out the Italian banking system. This “fear trade” will likely continue until the European Central Bank reverses course from its tightening stance, and aggressively buys PIIGS bonds. Most central banks will yet again inflate their balance sheets, which will only exacerbate the stagflation plaguing the global economy.

We should get a relief rally in the S&P 500, but probably not until we go lower — low enough to panic central bankers. German central bankers in particular will change their “hard money” tune once they see their domestic banking system at risk. I agree with the “hard money” central bankers’ view on subsidizing the PIIGS, but ultimately, a critical mass of European central bankers will push for a policy of ballooning the ECB’s balance sheet.

After the next bout of coordinated global central bank easing, I think we’ll transition into a grinding, sideways-to-down market. Gold prices should benefit from a new round of easing.

This is not 2008. I’m confident at this point that the crisis has transitioned to the following: private capital and small business withering on the vine, as each sovereign debt flare-up elicits a new round of central bank easing. This applies to nearly every economy, including the U.S., the euro zone, China, and Japan.

Crony capitalism is, unfortunately, still a dominant force. It slows the healthy process of creative destruction, slows the mobility of capital and labor, and keeps consumer prices higher than they otherwise would be. But it’s the price we paid for the 2008 bailouts.

Cronyism will eventually come back to bite most big banks and corporations as the inflation created to fund bailouts works its way into cost structures, which in turn shrinks profit margins.


Dan Amoss
For Daily Reckoning Australia

Dan Amoss
Dan Amoss, CFA is managing editor for Strategic Investment and a contributing editor for Whiskey & Gunpowder. Dan joined Agora Financial from Investment Counselors of Maryland, investment advisor for one of the top small-cap value mutual funds over the past 15 years.


  1. I don’t get it. At the first sign of volatility, the media and the finance industry run around with their hands in the air, screaming like little girls.

    I say bring on the high velocity traders. If any trading entity is so stupid as to trade some really great companies at these prices, let them trade. I’ll take the other side of their trade any day.

    Without volatility, there would be no chance for younger investors to make money as older investors would be sitting on high valuations and capital gains, with little left for investors late to the party.

    I don’t care if a computer can make 1000 trades in the time it takes me to make 1. I’ve only got enough money to make one trade at a time. So, if they want to run around clipping shares and shaving half cents, let them. It doesn’t effect me in the slightest, except to make shares cheaper.

    Bring it on.

    Al in Queensland
    August 12, 2011
  2. But if the shares that are made cheaper include the ones you already have….

  3. It is claimed that it makes markets more efficient. However, it could be viewed that high-speed trading exploits an advantage of resources rather than bestowing overall ‘efficiency’ increases as these systems can cost hundreds of millions ($200m+) to extract unearned profits out of the market via exploiting fast (in a millisecond) traded positions.

    Small investors will get taken to the cleaners but without knowing it. High-speed trades will take profits that would have gone to slower small and institutional investors. Traders will use their speed advantage and software ‘intelligence’ to jump ahead of ‘slower’ trading institutions, buying if the institution is buying, which sends the price up, and selling if it’s selling, sending the price down. This has been called ‘front-running’ (creating a false market?) and it consequently reduces returns to slower trading entities. These server systems will increasingly and autonomously run the finance world – adds more to the notion of being a casino. Perhaps that is why small investors are leaving Wall Street in their droves.

    So Al, if you buy a computer with a really, really fast chip you may keep up.

  4. “Without volatility, there would be no chance for younger investors to make money as older investors would be sitting on high valuations and capital gains, with little left for investors late to the party”

    Yes you summed up the Australian property market quite well there.

    “Always up forever” is ridiculous because even if it is sustainable, what is the point? You’ll need comparable inflation in everything else in order to support and maintain it and that robs the value and nobody gets “rich”.

    Without the required inflation to support the system, you can only swap your items between others already in the game because they’re the only ones who can afford to buy what you’re selling. And this is only until the pool of available swappers runs dry, which is what we’re seeing in the property market right now.

    There are two solutions. 1) Allow for a stagnation/deflation, AKA Japan’s Lost Decade, where assets “deflate” as wages and CPI gradually rise to the point where property is no longer expensive. Then we could rename Autsralia New Japan. Take a look at Japan to see how this works out for the wider economy.

    2) Lower rates and borrow like mad to inflate away until (hopefully) wages and (most likely, only) CPI quickly catches up to where property is in the cycle. Then we could rename Australia New Zimbabwe. Food riots anyone?

    The masked man
    August 15, 2011
  5. Monk and Nexus 789

    To think about ‘the market’ is to abstract from your single trade. If you have bought a share in a good company at a good price and you’re not under pressure to sell at a loss, it doesn’t matter what overzealous computer traders do. They can trade in or out of it a thousand times between here and afternoon tea. You’ll still own (hopefully) a good stock at a good price.

    Al in Queensland
    August 15, 2011

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