Why China’s Economy Could Be Toast


Today we’ll jump on board our old hobby horse, China, and enjoy a leisurely ride. We’ll cover ghost cities gone bust, stimulus options, iron ore and the IMF. After reading, you’ll realise why we expect sharp share price falls ahead .

We say that because China’s own economic restructuring will define Australia’s direction over the next few years. And although we’ve made the point before, we’ll make it again: China’s rebalancing hasn’t even started yet. For example, the property market is still booming.

From Bloomberg:

‘China’s June new home prices rose in all but one city, led by the biggest metropolitan centers and underscoring Premier Li Keqiang’s struggle to rein in speculative investment even as the economy cools.

Prices climbed in 69 of the 70 cities the government tracked last month from a year earlier, the National Bureau of Statistics said in a statement today, matching the data in May. The southern business city of Guangzhou posted the biggest increase with a 16 percent advance from a year earlier. Prices climbed 13 percent in Beijing and 12 percent in Shanghai. All three cities had their biggest gains since the government changed its methodology for the data in January 2011.

Meanwhile, because of the economic slowdown (driven by an increasingly inefficient credit bubble, not by policy) everyone is calling for more stimulus. But it’s no wonder China’s Finance Minster Lou Jiwei keeps pushing back on stimulus rhetoric. It’s the last thing China’s economy needs right now. To pursue more stimulus spending would be insane.

Even the IMF, generally late to the party on most issues, has just come out and issued a dire warning to China. Not that China’s really listening though, as the Telegraph reports:

‘The Fund said wealth products (WMP) and trusts – a disguised second balance sheet of banks, worth $2 trillion – "could over time evolve into a systemic threat to financial stability". A sudden loss of confidence could "trigger a run" and set off "a severe credit crunch".

‘"As of now, the authorities still have sufficient tools and fiscal space to address potential shocks. However, failure to change course and accelerate reform would increase the risk of an accident or shock that could trigger an adverse feedback loop," it said. China has been warned.

‘Beijing’s replied dismissively that "vulnerabilities were well under control". It said the fast growth of wealth products and trusts were a healthy sign of "market-based intermediation". ‘Any risks were "manageable". Bad loans in the banking system "remained low and Chinese banks had some of the highest capital and provisioning ratios in the world". Do you laugh or cry?’      

Rio Tinto and BHP are heading into this maelstrom with guns blazing, which you can probably get away with doing when you’re amongst the world’s lowest cost producers of iron ore. They are producing more iron ore as each year passes and will be doing so up until around 2015 as prior expansion projects kick in.

But we wouldn’t like to be an iron ore producer a bit higher up on the cost curve. They will be in all sorts of problems when China’s credit fire starts to burn itself out. The iron ore price is currently around US$130, a very healthy level. We expect it to be under US$100 by the end of the year.

Ordos, China’s famous ghost city, may well just be the canary in the coalmine. Bloomberg reports that the city has gone ‘bust’.  Below is a photo, taken on 13 July, showing half-finished apartment blocks in the city. The ones that are finished are largely empty. What a masterpiece of central planning.

There’s not much more to say. Unless it restructures now, China’s economy is toast. Burnt toast. 


Greg Canavan+
for The Daily Reckoning Australia

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From the Archives…

The Agonists and the Ecstasy of the Financial Market
12-07-13 – Dan Denning

A Two-Faced Shock for the Australian Economy
11-07-13 – Dan Denning

Asiana Boeing 777: Lifesaving Defence-Tech ‘Miracle Materials’ in Action
10-07-13 ­– Byron King

Interest Rates: Something Wicked This Way Comes
9-07-13 – Bill Bonner

The End of a Share Market Correction… or the Beginning?
8-07-13 – Dan Denning

Greg Canavan
Greg Canavan is the Managing Editor of The Daily Reckoning and is the foremost authority for retail investors on value investing in Australia. He is a former head of Australasian Research for an Australian asset-management group and has been a regular guest on CNBC, Sky Business’s The Perrett Report and Lateline Business. Greg is also the editor of Crisis & Opportunity, an investment publication designed to help investors profit from companies and stocks that are undervalued on the market. To follow Greg's financial world view more closely you can subscribe to The Daily Reckoning for free here. If you’re already a Daily Reckoning subscriber, then we recommend you also join him on Google+. It's where he shares investment research, commentary and ideas that he can't always fit into his regular Daily Reckoning emails. For more on Greg go here.

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4 Comments on "Why China’s Economy Could Be Toast"

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3 years 3 months ago
Oh dear…no ‘black-haired, brown-eyed world’ People who can remember the mythological distant past known as the 1980’s would recall daschund barking about ‘Japan will rule the world’. People of this period in time wouldhave heard pekingnese barking about ‘China will rule the world’. Demographers from the 1980’s knew Japan wouldnot rule the world, just as professional demographers know today that China will not rule the world. China’s ‘growth penalty’ or a significant portion of the growth slow down is due to China entering it’s ‘demographic winter’ as the decay rate for half the percentage point matches the decline rate as… Read more »
3 years 3 months ago
Happy to see you qualified the article headline with the word “could” Command economies don’t work like ours, and yes, housing speculation is nearing and end in China, especially with the top end properties, where the shadow banking system has played a big part in China’s imbalance, but the fact is money is leaving China in freight cars to be put on spec markets elsewhere. Say, more than 18% of foreign purchases for homes in the US now comes from China. Australia, well its a dead duck, with more than 230000 properties listed on Juwai alone ..Then there’s all the… Read more »
3 years 3 months ago

the Chinese economy resembles an out of control gasoline tanker with failed brakes hurtling down the side of a mountain at 140 mph. when it hits the bottom of the ravine their will be an almighty fireball.

toast? toast doesn’t even begin to describe the coming financial collapse of China. it will be the Asian crisis mark 2. Chinese bankers are monkeys dancing on razor blades.

shareholders in all listed Chinese banks get set to be wiped out.

3 years 3 months ago

I think the Chinese economy more closely resembles a Top-Fuel Dragster spinning its wheels and leaving two thick-black lines on the drag strip as it fish-tails its way towards the finish line, while the smell of burning rubber stings your nostrils and your ears lose their ability to hear high pitched sounds.
The worst that will happen is they’ll get detached retinas once they deploy the parachute.

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