We’re just putting the finishing touches to our World War D presentation. In keeping with the theme of the conference, it’s about money, and how it has gone from sound to thoroughly unsound over the past 100 years.
100 years exactly, in fact. In 1914 gold was money. Money wasn’t debt or credit back then. It was simply gold, and banks created credit on top of their gold reserve base. They couldn’t go crazy in the credit creation process, because there was only so much gold in the world and its supply grew at around 2%.
Plus, gold (not debt) was a form of international payment, so once again debt growth didn’t get too excessive. If you ran a trade deficit, your creditors demanded payment in gold to settle the debt. If you ran out of gold, interest rates would rise (to discourage consumption and encourage saving) and the trade deficit would slowly swing back to surplus.
That’s roughly how the gold standard kept things in balance. But in 1922 that all changed. It set the world on a path to where we are today. Where money and debt and credit are all interchangeable terms. Where debt must keep rising to keep the system going. And where it will increase to such a point that it will collapse back on itself.
Most people think the world’s monetary architecture changed for the worse in 1971 when Nixon severed the US dollar’s link to gold. But as we’ll explain at the conference, a little known event in 1922 set the global monetary system on its present day course.
We’ve just seen Mark Faber’s presentation and his basic premise is that the system is now on its last legs. It should be an interesting few days.
If you can’t make it but still want to be part of the action, you can pre-order the conference DVD/MP3 recording here for a 25% discount. This offer expires at midnight on Tuesday.
So whatever happened to good old ‘money’? Gold, once the anchor of the global financial system, is now nothing more than flotsam in a sea of debt. Last night it fell another few dollars, and is now about $100 dollars an ounce lower than it was 10 days ago. So much for gold’s recovery!
Gold is a mere shadow of its former self. Trading in the gold market is now dominated by paper forms (derivatives) of the metal. Physical trading makes up a very small portion of the overall market.
When a financial system goes from sound to unsound, it creates more claims on real assets than there are real assets in existence. So the system creates paper assets to absorb the constant supply of new money/credit/debt. Hence the explosion of the derivatives market in recent decades.
Most investors don’t own real assets; they simply have ‘exposure’ to them via the derivatives market.
Or in the case of gold, which also forms the role of alternative currency, the derivatives (or paper forms of it) extend to the currency markets. Back in the 1970s gold received a currency symbol, XAU, which made it available for trading in the foreign exchange (FX) markets.
FX markets are huge. They are the largest markets in the world by volume. Back in 2011 the London Bullion Market Association (LBMA) released a trading survey showing that DAILY clearing in the gold market was the equivalent of 5,400 tonnes, or around US$240 billion at the time.
Last year, we sent the LBMA an email asking whether gold trading as an FX currency was behind the huge volumes. (This blog post sparked our interest). We recently got the following response:
‘The Survey included all forms of gold trading so certainly included gold currency trading which would have contributed to the significant numbers that came out of the Survey.‘
So most of the ‘gold’ trading that takes place occurs in the FX markets and has nothing to do with physical gold. No wonder it’s turned into a volatile beast. The proper price signals that poor old physical gold used to give off, warning about system excesses, have been well and truly muffled.
Or have they? In our presentation next week, we explain why the system cannot continue to muffle gold for much longer…
You’ll hear all about the conference and the various presentations in next week’s Daily Reckoning. Stay tuned.
for The Daily Reckoning Australia
PUBLISHER’S NOTE: If you can’t make it to Melbourne next week for our investing conference World War D, you can follow us on Twitter @DRAUS. We’ll be live tweeting the event to bring you as much of the action as we can. You’ll get insights on Richard Duncan, Jim Rickards, Satyajit Das and all our editors here at Port Phillip Publishing. It’s as close as you can get to the event LIVE.